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Hair Loss & Dandruff

Hair Loss & Dandruff
Hair loss causes.
  • 1 INTERNAL CAUSES:
  • Poor diet
  • Severe stress
  • Hormonal changes
  • Puberty,pregnancy,menopause
  • Hypothyroid
  • Iron deficiency anaemia
  • Drugs used for cancer,chemotheraphy
  • 2 EXTERNAL CAUSES
  • ollution
  • Shampoos
  • Chemical treatment to hair
  • HAIR GROWS IN 3 PHASES
  • ANAGEN PHASE:actively growing phase
  • CATAGEN PHASE: breaking phase
  • TELOGEN PHASE:not growing,getting prepare for cyclic shedding
  • HAIR LOSS CLASSIFIED AS
  • 1 LOCALISED/PATCHY HAIR LOSS/SMALL AREA;again this is classified as
  • A:ALOPECIA AREATA:small size patch on scalp usually grow in months.coin sized.usually regrow in 6to 12 wks.sometimes alopecia can affect
  • hair on any other parts of the body such as beard,moustaches
  • B:TRACTION ALOPECIA:hair loss is due to repetitive persistant pulling force on hair roots
  • C:TINEA CAPITIS:hair loss is due to tinea infection.affects school going children
  • D:TRICHITILLOMANIA:habit of some one voluntarily pulling at their own hairs,twisting them.
  • DIFFUSE HAIR LOSS A:TELOGEN EFFLUVIUM:rapid shedding of hair after child birth,after fever,menopause,after attaining menarchy,after loosing wt suddenly
  • B:ANDROGENIC ALOPECIA/MALE PATTERN BALDNESS:m shaped baldness found in adolescent boys,middle age group.
  • C :INVOLUTIONAL ALOPECIA:natural condition in which the hair gradually thins with the age.
  • DRUGS WHICH AFFECT HAIR LOSS
  • 1 blood thinners
  • 2 birth control pills
  • 3 drugs used to treat cancer
  • 4 medicines used to treat blood pressure
  • 5 cosmetic procedures such as straightening of hair,chemical irritants in shampoos
  • PREVENTIVE MEASURES FOR HAIR LOSS
  • 1 take healthy diet rich in VIT B,IRON,CLCIUM,PROTEIN ,rich diet.such as egg, fish , milk, wall nuts, broccoli, whole grain cerels, spinach, cauliflower, redmeat, kidney beans, sweat potatoes
  • 2: avoid pollution which increases dandruff
  • 3: consume plenty of water
  • 4: avoid chemical treatments to the hair
  • DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES FOR HAIR LOSS
  • 1 hair pull test
  • 2biopsy scrapping sample taken fron scalp skin
  • Blood tests
  • T3,t4,tsh
  • For women androgenic hormones like testosterone,prolactin,fsh
  • Serum iron,serum ferritin levels
  • Cbp
  • Vdrl
  • Some rubrics helps in treating hair loss
  • 1 hair fall allover SELENIUM
  • 2 hair fall in children :baryta carb,nat mur
  • 3 alopecia in climacteric period: LYCOPODIUM 2,SEPIA 2
  • 4 hair fall after disease:CARBO VEG,LYCO,THALLIUM MET
  • 5 hair fall due to dandruff:THUJA
  • 6 hair fall after delivery:NAT MUR,SEPIA,PULS,CARBOVEG,LYCO,SULPH,NITRIC ACID
  • 7 hair fall after fever like typhoid:FLOURIC ACID
  • 8 hair fall handfuls in :PHOS
  • 9 hair fall due to injury :HYP
  • 10 hair fall nursing during:NAT MUR
  • 11 hair fall during pregnancy LACH
  • 12 alopecia spots:NAT MUR,PHOS,FLOURIC ACID,CANTHARIS
  • 13 hair fall with graying:LYC,SILICEA,ACID PHOS,KALI IOD.
  • 14 thick hair:ANT CRUD,GRAPH,LYC
  • 15 hair cutting refuses in children: CINA